ft) of air-dried timber (1 kg =2.2 lb.). Following is a list of common softwood varieties and their characteristics. Nature: Hardwoods are non-resinous woods have acids. Redwood is an example of softwood lumber. Examples Grown British Columbia; weight 500-575 kg; colour gold/reddish brown. Levels of resilience vary from one softwood species to the next. Softwood is typically used in construction as structural carcassing timber, as well as finishing timber. First, it is classified by use, and assessed for its strength and stress-bearing qualities. Hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii) Monkey puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana) ParanĂ¡ pine (Araucaria angustifolia) Cedar (Cedrus) Celery-top pine (Phyllocladus aspleniifolius) Cypress (Chamaecyparis, Cupressus, Taxodium) Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica) Bald cypress, southern cypress (Taxodium distichum) Due to absence of vessels, softwood can also be referred to as non-porous wood. Hardwoods are dark colored woods. Softwoods and their uses. Softwood is resinous in nature; it has a good and regular texture and a fragrant smell. Softwood lumber is timber obtained from coniferous evergreen trees. Also known as British Columbian pine, Oregon pine. However, softwoods are generally not as hardy as hardwood. Western red cedar, as its name implies, has a reddish color to it. Cedar. The timber may be processed or used as it is for various applications. These woods are lightweight and softer as compared to hardwoods. Weight. Examples of the softwood-producing trees are pine, spruce, cedar, fir, larch, douglas-fir, hemlock, cypress, redwood, and yew. Next, we take a look at some examples of each of these two types of wood: Types of Softwood Cedar Cedar wood (Image: Wikimedia Commons) The reason why we have included this wood in our list of softwoods is that people tend to consider cedar as hardwood, but no, it is a softwood. The term softwood designates wood from gymnosperm trees (plants having seeds with no covering). In this Guide, you will get the information about the differences, uses & examples of Hardwood, Softwood and which type of wood is the best for which purpose. Fibres are absent in softwood. Softwood is the source of about 80% of the world's production of timber, with traditional centres of production being the Baltic region (including Scandinavia and Russia), North America and China. +44 1604 986028 support@cameroontimberexport.com Softwoods have poor fire resistance. Cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew are examples of softwoods. Softwood lumber is generally classified in three different ways, although the systems used in different countries are different. Fibres: Wood fibres are present in hardwood. Weights refer to kilograms per cubic metre (35.31 cu. Douglas fir. These woods are harder and heavier than softwoods. Softwood is a generic term used in woodworking and the lumber industries for wood from conifers. Another softwood lumber, cedar is good for indoor and outdoor projects, and has two main types: White cedar is naturally resistant to rotting and bugs, making it favorable for a variety of construction purposes. Fire Resistance. It can be used for siding, decks, fencing … This strong, durable timber comes from a massive tree commonly up to 75 m. The most common type of cedar is the western red variety. Various types of softwood lumber are available. Hardwoods have more fire resistance. Softwoods (coniferous) Araucaria. This type of wood is relatively soft (1 on a scale of 1 to 4), has a straight grain, and has a slightly aromatic smell. Color. As finishing timber as non-porous wood in woodworking and the lumber industries for wood from trees. Generally not as hardy as hardwood Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, yew. 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