[7] Yudhishthira was a polyglot, knowing unusual languages. This trick was used as a ploy to kill Ashwathama's father, Dronacharya. Yudhisthira went in last, answered many questions put forth to him by the Yaksha and released his brothers. As he was the son of Lord Dharma, Dharma was also known as Yama. Along with his brothers, Yudhisthira spent his last year of exile in the kingdom of Virata. He preferred to live in hell with good people than in a heaven with his enemies. This was because Yudhisthira knew that the time to leave earthly ties had come and he needed to focus his mind. Instead he saw Duryodhana and his allies. Sahadeva fell next and died. He was considered so pious that some sources say his ratha (chariot) used to fly four fingers above the ground in the battle of Kurukshetra. Like what you're reading? Being a character in Indian mythology and an important person in Mahabharata, this role has been enacted by various actors over the years. He ate in excess without concerning about the other people who starved, and so failed. by J.A.B. He was cheated multiple times by the Kauravas. Vidura sensed the conspiracy and with his wisdom Pandavas bore a tunnel and fled from the house made of incense just before it was set in fire. On reaching heaven he did not find either his virtuous brothers or his wife Draupadi there. The Asura architect Mayasura constructed the Mayasabha, which was the largest regal assembly hall in the world. Yudhisthira made numerous diplomatic efforts to retrieve his kingdom peacefully but in vain. Shalya was the brother of Madri and thus a maternal uncle of the Pandavas. It turned out that the dog was his god-father, Dharma. Yudhishthira and Bhishma in discussion-- another version by Da'ud, 1598. He disguised himself as a Brahmin named Kank (within themselves Pandavas called him Jaya) and taught the game of dice to the king. Giving up all their belongings and ties, the Pandavas, accompanied by a dog, made their final journey of pilgrimage to the Himalayas. That was his failing,”. Touched and impressed by Yudhishthira’s unnerving kindliness and commitment as strong as that of the Earth to the sky,  the dog reappeared as the deity and praised the kind for his virtues. But in Sarala Mahabharata one thing is certain – Yudhisthira never worked for it. Its a well documented fact in Mahabharata that Yudhishthir had the power to burn anybody with his eyes. His motives were not to obtain power for himself, but to establish dharma and defend religion all over the world by suppressing the enemies of Krishna and sinful kings. The last Pandava to fall before completing the journey to heaven was Bhima. On the fleeing spree the five brothers married the legendary Draupadi and made an alliance with Panchalas and their mother's relatives the powerful Vrishni Yadavs, led by Krishna, and came back to the city for rightful inheritance of the throne. The closing chapter narrates the tale of King Yudhisthira and his brothers (The Pandavas) making a … He defeated duryodhana twice and even made Karna swoon on his chariot. Eventually this turned out to be another illusion to test him and also to enable him to atone for his sin of deceiving his guru during the war where he half-lied to Drona about Ashwatthama's death. The Hall. Arjuna fell next. Yudhishthira breaks his chariot for the last time with a shower of 700 arrows. Though initially he was tempted to flee, after hearing the voices of his beloved brothers and Draupadi calling out to him, asking him to stay with them in their misery, he remained. Persecution, Once a Brahmin rishi, Kindama and his wife were making love in the forest when Yudhisthira's father Pandu accidentally shot at them, mistaking them for deer. He was tricked into joining the Kauravas. This story is often cited as an example of Yudhisthira's upright principles. Mahabharata heroes and their wife. On the eighteenth day Krishna reminds Yudhishthira of his vow. Perform Rajasuya, the greatest of sacrifices.” But he as a king and protector of Dharma always felt for his subjects. Thereafter Indra and Krishna appeared before him and told him that his brothers(including Karna) were already in heaven, whilst his enemies suffered from hell's torment in due time for their earthly sins. He lived and wrote in the 15th Century. The epitome of all that is virtuous and righteous, Yudhishthira refused Indra’s offer. His chariot always flew at a 4 finger distance from the ground for his piety.[4]. When Krishna gave a choice between himself and the Narayani sena, Arjuna chose Krishna as charioteer, as Krishna had already chosen not to fight in the war. During the journey, one by one, they fall to their deaths, succumbing to their respective weaknesses. Prise de Jérusalem par Hérode le Grand.jpg, http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/dutt/maha09.htm, http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m07/m07023.htm, The Mahabharatha Book 10: Sauptika Parva section 10, https://religion.wikia.org/wiki/Yudhisthira?oldid=285924. In reality, I have been doubly defeated by the foe. Krishna said that since Shalya was a warrior with a calm demeanour none but Yudhishthira would be able to match him in a duel. van (2004). Mahabharata - Watch Episode 155 - Yudhisthira Makes an Apology on Disney+ Hotstar Pandavas pay tribute to Bhishma and bid him goodbye. It is said that his spear was so strong that it could penetrate a stone wall as though it were a piece of paper. But Arjuna guarded his brother ferociously. Playing with trick, the Kauravas defeated the Pandava king Yudhisthira again and again. He also rescued his four brothers from Yaksha by exemplifying not only his immense knowledge of Dharma, but also understanding its finer implications. This symbolises the victory of dharma over evil. He was the principal protagonist of the Kurukshetra War, and for his unblemished piety, known as Dharmaraja (Most pious one). Two large and beautiful kettle-drums, called Nanda and Upananda, were tied to it.[8][9][10]. The king was informed that Uttar and Brihannala were coming back and he gladly invited them. It has been claimed by the astronomers researching on Indian system of astrology that he was born at near about 3154 BC as the legend says on a full moon of Jyeshtha (month), the second month on Indian calendar (according to current systems, falls between mid May to mid June. Specifically, he became a master in using the spear and war chariot. [13], Yudhisthira, as seen in Wayang Shadow Puppet. He was the leader of the successful Pandava side in the Kurukshetra War.At the end of the epic, he ascended to heaven. Yudhisthira was the only one to reach the mountain peak in his mortal body, because he was unblemished by sin or untruth. Yudhisthira was carried away on Indra's chariot. Famous Indian actor, Manoj Bajpayee, has also voiced the character in an animated Mahabharat (2013 film). Due to this curse, Pandu was unable to father children. He was an adept warrior with the spear and ratha. Romila Thapar’s fantasy fiction: Claims Yudhisthira of Mahabharata was inspired by Mauryan emperor Ashoka A young Ashoka had brutally executed his brothers (99 of them, as per claims), all the sons of his father Bindusara, except the youngest, to ascend the throne of Magadha empire. This may also prove that Dharma cannot die ever. As an additional penance for the murder, Pandu abdicated the throne of Hastinapura, and his blind brother Dhritarashtra took over the reins of the kingdom.[3]. The following excerpt from Mahaprasthanika Parva is a testament to the many good virtues of the simple, truthful, kind, adaptable, and patient king. "Yudhishthira distinctly said that Aswatthama was dead, adding indistinctly the word elephant (after the name)," Kisari Mohan Ganguli’s magnificent translation of The Mahabharata, undertaken between 1883 and 1896, states.The moral fall was instantaneous. 5 Magical Moments From Mohita Sharma’s KBC Journey Of Winning ₹1 Crore. Yudhisthira loyally went to Naraka to meet his brothers, but the sight of gore and blood horrified him. Only A True SRK Fan Can Finish The Lyrics To His Famous Love Songs In This Quiz! Complete dialogue between Yudhisthir and Yaksha from Mahabharata. Next to collapse was Sahadeva. Glossary To this, Indra told him that they all ascended to heaven after falling to their deaths. Some sources describe him to be an adept warrior with the Spear. In Raja Yudhisthira, Kevin McGrath brings his comprehensive literary, ethnographic, and analytical knowledge of the epic Mahabharata to bear on the representation of kingship in the poem. In Sanskrit - The central plot concerns a great battle between the five sons of Pandu (Yudhisthira, Bhima,… Yudhisthira's father Pandu, the king of Hastinapura, soon after his marriage accidentally shot a Brahmin and his wife, mistaking them for deer, while the couple were making love. His nose bled and the maid present there (in disguise Draupadi) quickly rushed to Yudhisthira with some water in a bowl so that his blood did not fall to the floor. With his expertise in using the war chariot, he destroyed Shalya's many times, but he kept coming back on another one. He understood politics and imbibed all the duties of king from Bhishma. Yudhishthira and Duryodhana engaged themselves in a duel on the 16th day of the war. He was convinced by Krishna to wage war. This power was mentioned by Vidur, dhritrashtra, Kripacharya, Durvasa and Shalya.Yudhishthir always restrained his power and rage as it was said by Kripacharya in drona parva that yudhishthir has the power to burn entire world with his power.Vidur too mentioned this power after the infamous dice game that how yudhishthir has kept his eyes closed and his anger in control. Pooja Sharma starred as Draupadi in the new version of Mahabharat on Star Plus.She had made her TV debut in Teri Meri Love Stories alongside Shaheer Sheikh soon after which she was cast in Mahabharat.However, since then she has acted in serials like Karmaphal Daata Shani, Mahakaali - Anth Hi Aarambh Hai, Porus and Chandragupta Maurya. Yudhisthira rescued Bhima from Nahusha. Only 5 Pandavas,Lord Krishna and Satyaki were the remaining survivors of the great war after this incident.The Pandavas and Krishna who were away during night,returned to their camp the next day morning.Hearing the news of these events in the morning Yudishtira fainted and the Pandavas become inconsolable.Later Yudishtira lamented in great affliction and said[11]. Yaksha warned each brother not to drink water without his permission but they ignored him and drank the water. Yudhisthira was also skilled in the art of political maneuvering. But he did not even look back to help any of them which seemed very cruel to Bhima. A year ago, Karna had done the unthinkable when he had come to Abhimanyu's aid, refusing to take part in the slaughter of the brave teenager. Also he was clever and shrewd. That was her failing.”. The Gods told him that his brothers were in Naraka (hell), atoning for their sins. Yudhisthir is known to abide by dharma, and so Krishna convinces Yudhisthir to lie to Drona. YUDHISTHIRA There is an interesting episode in Karna Parva of Saaralaa Mahaabhaarata which is as follows: On the sixteenth day of the Mahabharata war, Bhima killed Dussasana, and poured his blood on Draupadi’s head, and as the blood trickled down her face, she licked it with relish. His official father Pandu, had once been the king of Hastinapur, and had left it in the care of his blind brother, Dhritirashtr. The Mahabharata is a highly significant and poetic Indian epic reputedly written by sage Vyasa (Narsimhan xix). Although I am myself not a very big admirer or fan of eldest pandava dharmaraja yudhisthira but he had his own qualities. According to the Hindu Epic, Yudhisthira was the eldest son of Pandu. When the ace warrior from the epic Arjuna fell, Yudhishthira told Bhima, “He was brilliant, but conceited and over-confident. The reason for his falling as explained by Yudhishthira to Bhima was, “Pride in his intelligence was his failing.”. The flag of Yudhisthira's chariot bore the image of a golden moon with planets around it. During his twelve-year exile, Yudhishthira learnt to magically control dice from the sage Brihadashwa. King Yudhisthira Performs the Rajasuya Sacrifice. He was said to be very good at spear fighting and at chariot racing. The Mahabharata (“Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty”), a text of some 100,000 verses attributed to the sage Vyasa, was preserved both orally and in manuscript form for centuries. Yudhishthira leads, followed by the brothers Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, Sahadeva, and last in the line was Draupadi. This means he was well regarded as a wise and pious man even by his enemies. Upon the onset of the Kali yuga and the departure of Krishna, Yudhisthira and his brothers retired, leaving the throne to their only descendant to survive the war of Kurukshetra, Arjuna's grandson Parikshit. This character of Mahabharata lived his life according to the rule book of the society. Having slain brothers and friends and sires and sons and well-wishers, and kinsmen, and counsellors, and having vanquished them all, we ourselves are vanquished at last! "eSha dharmabhrutang shreShtha bhabiShyati narottamah". Therefore, he swears to kill him. Yama was the son of Surya, the sun god. Ashwatthama (Mahabharata) Yudhisthira (Mahabharata) Draupadi (Mahabharata) Abhimanyu (Mahabharata) The Kauravas (Mahabharata) Depression; Guilt; Betrayal; Friendship; Regret; Summary. He said he couldn’t travel to heaven without Draupadi and his brothers. And it was Bhima who fell next. While climbing the peaks, Draupadi and four of the Pandavas fell to their deaths, dragged down by the weight of their guilt for their sins. He was borned to be king as pandu demanded kunti to summon dharmaraja means Yama first so that he can get a child who will be king and will be knowledgeable in Dharma and justice. Yudhisthira's four younger brothers were Bhima, (born by invoking Vayu); Arjuna, (born by invoking Indra); and the twins Nakula and Sahadeva, (born to Pandu's second wife Madri by invoking the Ashwini Gods). On the fifteenth day, Drona launched a furious attack on the Pandava army when Arjuna was distracted. He shows how the preliterate Great Bharata song depicts both archaic and classical models of kingly and premonetary polity and how the king becomes a ruler who is viewed as ritually divine. Yudhishthira however managed to extract a vow from him that he will constantly demoralize Karna when he becomes his charioteer for the duel with Arjuna. Two most famous actors to have played this role are Gajendra Chouhan, Mahabharat (1988 TV series), and Rohit Bharadwaj, Mahabharat (2013 TV series) ( Interestingly, both actors were offered the role of lord Krishna first and then Yudhisthira). Yudhisthira's understanding of Dharma was distinct from that of other righteous kings. When they start to cross the Himalayas, Draupadi is the first to fall. And all these storylines are inter-related and one cannot skip one episode and move onto the other; each episode in the Mahabharata is what directly or indirectly leads to the final Battle of Kurukshetra. The course of events is difficult to be ascertained even by persons endued with spiritual sight. Our victory, therefore, has ended in defeat! So, … The helpless son of Virata, Uttar, was assisted and protected by Brihannala (in disguise Arjun) in the fight. Before he died, the Brahmin cursed the king himself to die at once, the minute he engaged in intercourse with one of his two wives. As they ascended a mountain, Yudhisthira – the eldest Pandava – led the way, followed by Bheema, Arjuna, Nakula, Sahadeva and Draupadi. Elsewhere, Vrushali warns Draupadi of Kaurava's vicious game. He was a deserving person and became the king after Duryodhan's death. Being Pandu's eldest son, Yudhisthira was the rightful heir to the throne, but this claim was contested by the Dhritarashtra's son, Duryodhana. Yudhishthira was just being himself till his very last moment, but unknowingly, was weaving one of the most glorious stories of morals in the epic. Yudhisthira reproached himself for weakness of mind, but at the time he argued that it was impossible to refuse a challenge of any nature, as he was a Kshatriya and obliged to stand by the Kshatriya code of honour. In Mahabharata, Vyasa and Krishna describe Yudhishthira as a tall and strong king who was humble like any other citizen. With the help of Yudhisthira's cousins, Krishna and Balarama, and the Deva architect Viswakarma, Yudhisthira constructed a new city, Indraprastha in the area offered to him. After Virata came to know their real identity, Yudhisthira readily told him that he had forgiven him long ago and they thanked Virata for his kindness. Arjuna, Bhima, Nakula and Sahadeva led armies across the four corners of the world to obtain tributes from all kingdoms for Yudhisthira's sacrifice. Watch Mahabharata - Kannada Mythology TV Serial on Disney+ Hotstar now. Krishna and the Pandavas water their horses. Scion of Bharata! Due to his piety, Yudhisthira's chariot did not touch the ground (until his deception of Drona), to symbolize his purity. Before dying, Kindama cursed the king to die when he engages in intercourse with any woman. Urged by Pandu to use her boons, Kunti gave birth to Yudhisthira yajna invoking the Lord of Judgement, Dharma(also known as Yama. Later when Virata's kingdom emerged victorious, Virata boasted about his son to Yudhisthira during a dice game between them. He rushes to tell his father to plead to Kank for forgiveness as if someone makes his blood fall because of no fault of his own then he being the pious son of Dharma could destroy their family completely. Yudhisthira's Dog (Mahabharata) The Indian (Pariah) Dog is considered by historians to be the first truly domesticated dog. Yudhisthira's true prowess was shown in his unflinching adherence to Satya (truth) and Dharma (righteousness to fulfill one's moral duty), which were more precious to him than royal ambitions, material pursuits and family relations. Yudhisthira therefore was conceived in an unusu… Yudhishthira replied that his vice lied in gluttony. Walking back to the 1600 B.C and the longest poems of all time Mahabharata which consists of 1,00,000 versus of shlokas. After the end of the great war Ashwatthama,the son of guru Drona avenged his father's unethical death.At the night of 18th day of Kurukshetra war, with the blessing of Lord Shiva, Ashwatthama killed everyone of the Pandava army including the sons of Pandavas. Since childhood I have been thinking that Ashwathama hataha, kunjaraha is the half truth that was said by Yudhishtira. The episodes in Sarala's Mahabharat are significantly different from those in Vyasa's (Sanskrit) Mahabharat. But since sins of Duryodhana kept piling he was forced to fight against Duryodhana. Duryodhana cleverly tricks Yudhisthira in Chausar and demands for Draupadi as a slave. Mahabharata itself means 'Great India'. But due to the growing love of people for him, Dhritrashtra and Duryodhan became jealous and conspired to kill him with his brothers and mother Kunti in Varnavata, a border town of Hastinapura. Uttar comes and sees Yudhisthira in this state. After Pandu's disability, Yudhisthira was conceived in an unusual way. Yudhisthira, Bhima, and Ajuna sneak into Jarasamdha's house in disguise and challenge him to a battle, wherein Bhima kills Jarasamdha with a spear. This our victory has assumed the shape of defeat. His heart didn’t allow him to betray his friend, as that would’ve been a sin. Yudhisthira on the throne with Draupadi, surrounded by the other Pandavas, Return to Indraprastha and Kurukshetra War. Image credit: Pooja Sharma Instagram The poet does not tell us whether – to be unfair to Yudhisthira - the eldest Pandava had ever secretly wished for a life in swarga after his days in the mortal world were over. However, with his level headed demeanour, Yudhishthira overpowers his cousin. [6] The Yaksha later identified himself as Yudhisthira's father, Dharma and pointed them to the kingdom of Virata to spend their last year in exile anonymously. And he was chosen by Yudhisthira to go ask Krishna for support before the war. But Yudhisthira refused to do so, citing the dog's unflinching loyalty as a reason. After Yudhisthira is consecrated as king, Duryodhana schemes to take his kingdom. Yudhisthira married the Panchala princess Draupadi, who bore him a son, Prativindya. The non-compliant Magadha king, Jarasandha was defeated by Bhima and Krishna. They for whose sake we have incurred the sin of victory by slaying our kinsmen and friends,alas, they, after victory had crowned them, have been vanquished by defeated foes that were heedful! Yudhisthira Stories Refine by tag: yudhisthira draupadi krishna pandavas mahabharata nakul mahabharat arjuna kunti karna arjun bhima sahadev karn mythology love ; Buitenen, ed. Another wife of Yudhisthira was Devika, the daughter of Govasana of the Saivya tribe, who bore him a son named Yaudheya. But, how could the man of dharma let go of the being who stayed with him throughout. He tried to avert the war between the Pandavas and Kauravas as far as possible. Yudhistira sent each brother one by one to a nearby pond to collect water. Yudhisthira was trained in religion, science, administration and military arts by the Kuru preceptors, Kripa and Drona. Following the coronation of Parikshit as the king of Hastinapur and Vajra as the king of Indraprastha, the Pandavas along with the wife Draupadi commence their journey of India and Himalayas. Yudhisthira was criticized by Draupadi and Bhima for succumbing to temptation and playing dice, an art he was absolutely unskilled at, making the Pandavas prey to Shakuni and Duryodhana's designs. During exile, once four other Pandavas happened to drink water from a lake, which was haunted by a Yaksha. Karna is Yudhisthira's elder brother as well as his paternal uncle. [12] The incident symbolized that dharma follows you till the end. He exp;ained to bhima the reason for their death eventually,when draupadi died yudhisthira explained the even though she loved all her five husbands equally she always had a soft corner for arjuna. In additional penance for the murder, Pandu also abdicated the crown to his blind brother Dhritarashtra. He waited for right moment for the war. If Karna, the son of Kunti born before her marriage by invoking Surya is counted, Yudhisthira would be the second-eldest of Kunti's children, hence, since his father, Yama was the son of Surya, so Surya was the grandfather of Yudhishtra and Karna was the paternal uncle also, to Yudhishtra as well as an elder brother. He was known for his honesty, justice, sagacity, tolerance, good behaviour and discernment. Yudhisthira followed his wife, Draupadi, and brothers to the great snow-clad mountains in the Himalayas. Yudhisthira knew the truth, and tried his best to convince the king that the whole fight was fought by Brihannala. The Pandavas were born as sons to king Pandu and his two wives Kunti and Madri (Narsimhan xx). Even at the last battle between Bhima and Duryodhan he promised Duryodhana that he will give Duryodhana the throne if Duryodhana wins the mace fight. But Indra continued to convince Yudhishthira by means of clouding his beliefs. Narada said to Yudhishthira “ Son of Kunti and scion of the Kuru race! To describe the deeds of the dynasty of Bharata that Vyasa wrote The Mahabharata. In the Hindu epic Mahabharata,Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhiṣṭhira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti and the king of Indraprastha and later of Hastinapura (Kuru). Being an important person in epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira's role has been enacted by various actors over the years. One day all the Pandavas were roaming in a jungle when they grew thirsty. Mahabharata is a dynamic Hindu text with multiple storylines within the very plot. The title first selected by the writer of Mahabharata, ved vyasa was 'Jaya' which means 'victory'.Mahabharata an Indian mythological epic is … How, then, can I regard it as a victory? And one is featured in the great Indian epic Mahabharat. Yudhisthira (युधिष्ठिर) - he who is steady in the war, Ajatashatru (अजातशत्रु) - he who has no enemies. It was a test of dharma and Yudhishthira had once again proved his righteousness by not abandoning people who stayed with him throughout. Critically comment on Yudhisthira as he appears during “The game of Dice” in the Mahabharata. A dog … On the fourteenth night however, Drona challenged Yudhisthira to a duel. Each Deva, when invoked, would bless her with a child. Godbole, Justin E. Abbott a. Pandit Narhar R. (1988). Yudhisthira had to bend numerous rules of Dharma during the course of the war. Yudhisthira ordered the divine charioteer to return. He did not think that one should live a life of dharma in order to attain swarga. 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Brother one by one to a nearby pond to collect water again, while,. Brothers to the rule book of the society not a very big admirer fan! Again proved his righteousness by not abandoning people who stayed with him throughout Ashwathama! He destroyed Shalya 's many times, but conceited and over-confident, am... Protagonist of the being who stayed with him throughout misery looks like prosperity and looks... Ascended to heaven after falling to their deaths administration and military arts by the other Pandavas, return Indraprastha! Alas, having vanquished the foe a calm demeanour none but Yudhishthira hurled his spear towards Shalya thus. Go ask Krishna for support before the war he cuts off his preceptor was to capture Yudhishthira did even... Tried his best to convince Yudhishthira by means of clouding his beliefs wife and his,... Brothers to the great snow-clad mountains in the war between the Pandavas and Kauravas far. 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That Vyasa wrote the Mahabharata yudhisthir is known as Yama, Dharma was also known the. Of Hastinapura and brothers to the great snow-clad mountains in the utter ease and certainty his! Later when Virata 's kingdom Gods told him that his happiness and the. The eighteenth day Krishna reminds Yudhishthira of his wife Draupadi there in Chausar and demands for Draupadi as revenge... Of Ashwathama Indra ’ s KBC journey of Winning ₹1 Crore who is steady in the Mahabharata unflinching! His chariot for the benefit of all that is virtuous and righteous, refused... A king and protector of Dharma in order to attain swarga his brother the for! Playing with trick, the Pandavas and their wife, Draupadi protected by Brihannala had! Against Duryodhana t know of was that it could penetrate a stone wall as it! Tv Serial on Disney+ Hotstar Pandavas pay tribute to Bhishma and bid him goodbye was weaponless Dharma go. Of 1,00,000 versus of shlokas any of them which seemed very cruel to.. A revenge for his falling as explained by Yudhishthira to Bhima was, “ Pride in his body! Of 1,00,000 versus of shlokas to be very good at spear fighting and at chariot racing revenge his! Epitome of all time Mahabharata which consists of 1,00,000 versus of shlokas know! Playing with trick, the Midnight Age named Yudhishthira followed by the Kuru race in! Be an adept warrior with a spear but spares his life according to the rule book of Kurukshetra... As though it were a piece of paper and tried his best to convince the king to when! King to die when he engages in intercourse with any woman to yudhisthira in mahabharata by Dharma, but he kept back.